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НАУЧНАЯ БИБЛИОТЕКА - РЕФЕРАТЫ - Ключи для оксфордской рабочей тетради (Upper-Intermediate) - (реферат)

Ключи для оксфордской рабочей тетради (Upper-Intermediate) - (реферат)

Дата добавления: март 2006г.

    Unit 1
    1 Identifying tenses
    Exercise 1

a is walking n had been b walked washed/ c 'd been walking was washed d had taken o 've been e was taken washing f '11 take p will have g 'vehad been sold h '11 be having q sells i were having r will be sold/ j is freshly made 's going to k '11 have made be sold

1 's been made s will have been m 're being teaching washed t were being taught

    Exercise 2 ACTIVE

Simple Continuous Present sells is walking Past walked were having Future will take will be

    having Present Perfect have had have been
    washing Past Perfect had taken had been
    Future Perfect will have will have made been
    teaching PASSIVE
    Simple Continuous Present is made are being
    washed Past was taken were being

taught Future will be sold Present Perfect has been made Past Perfect had been

    washed Future Perfect will have been sold
    2 Correcting mistakes
    a •
    b Manchester United are playing

really well at the moment... .. c I've heard you're going to have a baby! /you're having a baby! .... d • e When I was a little girl, I always spent my ....

f I've been going out with Paul .... g .... Perhaps I'll get him .... h • i A .... strike has been called by .... j .... and deserved to pass .... 3 Choosing the right tense

    a 've been looking/was looking b wonder/'m wondering/
    wondered/was wondering c went d 'd never been
    e was doing/did
    f got
    g did you feel
    h 'sbeen
    i 've visited
    j felt
    k was travelling
    1 have been learning/are learning
    m 're looking forward
    n is hoping/hopes
    o will that be
    p will be able
    q produces
    r 've been
    s '11 get
    t 've discussed
    4 Active or passive?
    Exercise 1

a Volvos aren't made in Norway. b Our house was built in the 17th century.

c Has your bedroom been decorated d My bedroom's being decorated .... e While .... was being built.... f .... our house had been burgled. g She won't be recognized ....

    Exercise 2
    a were caught were leaving/left
    b arrived had caught
    c are emptied
    d hadn't been delivered
    e has been missing
    f don't you like love
    're going to see

g were driving were overtaken h had been snowing i arrive '11 be picked up 5 At home on a train Exercise 1

a don't live k have been b has travelled removed c is made 1 paid d 've lived/ m were offered

've been living n 'm discovering e didn't want o was built f saw p 've worked/ g fell 're working/ h bought have been i had already working done q '11 ever sell j we're still r will remain/ making remains

    Exercise 2

a Do they live in a caravan? b How long have they lived/been living there?

c Who did they buy it from? d How much did they pay for their house? e How much were they recently

offered for the house? f Where and when was it built? g Are they still working on the hous< h Will they ever sell the house?

    6 have, be, or do?

a has (A) h does (A) b did (F) i was (A) c have (F) j is (A) d 've (A) being (A) e is/was (F) k doing (F) has/had (F) to have (F)

    f didn't (A) 1 been (A) g done (F) 'm(F)
    7 Forms of have and have got Exercise 1
    a '.... have you got/do you have a .... '
    '.... I'm having .... '

'.... I've got/have .... to have .... ' b '.... have you got/do you have .... ' '.... I haven't/don't.... '

    '.... had.... '
    '.... haven't got/don't have .... c '.... had.... '
    '.... had.... '

'.... Will you have to .... ' d 'Have you got/do you have .... ' 'No, we haven't/don't. Have/do

    you? '
    '.... I've had .... I've got/have .... '
    '.... to have .... ' e '.... We've got to/have to .... '
    '.... haven't got/don't have .... '

'.... had .... Have .... ' f .... having .... I've had .... haven't had....

    Exercise 2
    a She hasn't got....
    b I don't usually have ....
    c I haven't got/don't have ....
    d They aren't having ....
    e We didn't have ....
    f I don't have to ....
    g I didn't have to ....
    Exercise 3

a What colour eyes has she got? b What time do you usually have breakfast?

c How much money do you have? d What are they having a row about? e Did you have a good time on

    holiday? f How many hours a day do you have
    to work? g , What time did you have to get up
    this morning?
    8 Rooms and their contents
    Kitchen: taps sink dishwasher
    scales breadbin tin opener
    cat flap tea towel high chair
    Welsh dresser Living room: French windows
    armchair sofa rug
    drinks cabinet magazine rack
    ornaments Bedroom: chest of drawers
    dressing table cot duvet
    wardrobe pillow ornaments
    sheets rug quilt Bathroom: shower curtain
    towel rail washbasin bidet taps
    scales flannel towel
    9 house and home idioms
    Exercise 1
    a He's got a huge appetite.
    b They have a very good relationship.
    c I could shop for a very long time.
    d The drinks are free.
    e The musical was a success.
    f The pictures made me realize fully
    the horrors of the famine. g Mum earns the money in our
    h Haig managed to win, although it wasn't easy.
    Exercise 2
    a When I saw her empty cat basket it
    really brought home the fact I'd

never see her again. b We all got on like a house on fire. c They eat us out of house and home. d Apparently, it brought the house

    down. e I could dance until the cows come
    10 Literal and idiomatic
    Exercise 1

a out e down h back b away f off on i in c down g out j away d off Exercise 2

    a fell out (L) e Hold on (I)

fell out (I) hold on (L) b put up (I) f take it off (L) put up (L) take off (I) c 've sorted g picked it up (I) out (L) pick him up (L)

    sort it out (I) d stand up (L)
    stand up (I)
    11 Vowel sounds and spelling Exercise 1

a friend e took i thought b English f huge j shirt c cheese g crash k chart d month h shock 1 temper

    Exercise 2

lei letter weather breakfast head /i/ sick women busy building I'r. l tree jeans heat machine /a/ hug mother fun worry Ivl good woman could pullover /u: / cool roof suit canoe 1x1camp family accent fan /o/ log odd sausage want /a: / horse walk daughter floor/3: iearly work search worm /a: / party father banana garden /a/ letter banana father machine

    Exercise 3
    a Learning a foreign language is very
    useful. b It's important to have a good

c English spelling isn't easy. d It's good to keep lists of vocabulary. e Grammar doesn't have to be

    boring. f Everyone wants to speak English
    Unit 2
    1 Present Perfect simple or
    continuous? Exercise 1
    a I've written to Auntie Fay to wish
    her a happy birthday.
    I've been writing my essay all
    morning. b I've lost my car keys.
    I've been losing weight recently.
    c They've missed the train.
    They've been missing you lots, so
    come home soon. d She's been talking on the phone for
    She's talked about this subject
    before. e Paula's been leaving work late all
    this week.
    Paula's left work early today to
    meet her uncle. f The cat's been going next door to
    have its dinner.
    The cat's gone upstairs. g He's had a heart attack.
    He's been having second thoughts

about accepting the job. h I've been saving up to buy a new stereo.

    I've saved up about Ј200.
    1 I've been swimming which is why
    my hair is wet.

I've swum twenty lengths today. j I've been finding it difficult to concentrate recently.

    I've found my cheque book at last.
    Exercise 2
    a 's been snowing
    b have you travelled
    c have lived 've been trying
    haven't managed d have been arguing e 've eaten

f have been running g 's been crying 's failed h 've been sunbathing 2 Present Perfect/Past Simple

a Which school did he go to? b How long has he known Julian? Since he was 11 years old. c How long has he been married to Maria? d What did he do/was he doing in


He taught/was teaching English. e When did he return to England? After his son was born. f How many times did he work as a

    sales representative? g Where did he move to after
    Caroline was bom? h How long has he been selling

Since he was fifty-five years old. i Has Paul had a successful career? No, he hasn't, because he's now

    selling clothes at Peckham market.
    3 World's highest dustman Exercise 1
    a lives g has found b has already h came

made i has collected c aims/'s aiming j has been d was working preparing e heard k 's training f was looking 1 succeeds

    Exercise 2

a 'm beginning m try/'m trying/ b 'vedone 've been trying c feel n 's snowed/ d 've been 's been snowing learning/ o are sunbathing/

've learned have been e isn't/hasn't sunbathing been p are checking/ f 've slept/'ve have been been sleeping checking g 're staying q mentioned h dream r are thinking/ i haven't seen were thinking j feels s get k 've been telling/ t make tell u get up 1 's been/is v to be lying 4 Present Perfect passive

    a A yachtsman has been rescued in
    the Pacific. b Valuable jewels have been stolen
    from Harrods. c The missing boy has been found
    alive. d MPs have been given a huge pay
    rise. e Ten people have been killed by a
    tornado in Texas. f An ancient tomb has been
    discovered in Egypt. g 2, 000 people have been made

redundant at British Aerospace. h A cure has been discovered for teenage acne.

    5 have something done
    Exercise 1
    a I had one hundred copies of my
    report printed.

b She wants to have her ears pierced. c I'm going to have my eyes tested. d They've had their leaking roof

    fixed. e We haven't had the photocopier
    mended yet.
    Exercise 2 (Sample answers)
    They've had the cake decorated.
    She's having her hair done.
    She's had the wedding dress made.
    She's having her nails manicured.
    They've had the invitations printed.
    They're having the photographs taken.
    They had the champagne delivered.
    She's having the bouquets delivered.
    He had his hair cut.
    He's having his feet massaged.
    He had his suit fitted.
    They'll be having the photographs
    He had his shirt pressed.
    She'll be having her wedding dress
    6 Transport
    Exercise 1
    1 = Car; 2 = Bus; 3 = Train; 4 = Plane;
    5 = Bicycle; 6 = Ferry
    123456 get into/ ^ out of_________________
    geton/• • • • • pit___________________
    take off/ ^
    drive     catch/miss ^ \/ >/____f/
    board___________•___    overtake     park____    Exercise 2 car: traffic lights one-way street
    joyrider tyres trailer slip-road
    spare tyre service station lay-by
    seat-belt horn tunnel
    traffic jam bus: traffic lights tunnel tyres
    timetable spare tyre lay-by
    horn traffic jam season ticket
    ticket collector train: carriage tunnel ticket
    collector platform timetable
    track porter coach
    season ticket plane: runway check-in desk
    trolley tyres seat-belt cargo
    hand luggage Customs cabin
    life jacket bicycle: handlebars tyres crash
    helmet traffic lights
    one-way street ferry: deck life jacket gangway
    jetty port horn cargo cabin
    Exercise 3
    c RUNWAY
    f PORTER
    g CARGO
    i TUNNEL
    Mystery word: TRANSPORTATION
    7 Prepositions of movement

a above/over/behind n in b out of o off c along/down/up p over d out of/through q across e along/down/up r towards f over s to g to t through h on/onto u on i round v by/beside j along/up/down w against k past x past/by 1 into y over m beside/by/at

    8 Word stress
    Exercise 1

a explorer exploration b Japan Japanese c optimist optimistic d industry industrial e economy economics f politics politician g origins original h opera operatic

    Exercises 2 and 3
    • • opera chocolates business broadcast
    •• Japan create abroad hotel unique

• • • explorer religion delicious destruction illegal develop • • • optimist industry politics origins traveller backpacker privileged organize passenger caravan photograph

    ••• Japanese overtake

• • • • exploration optimistic economics politician operatic prehistoric • • • • industrial economy original discovery inhabitant experiment photographer

    Unit 3
    1 Past Simple and Past Perfect
    Exercise 1
    a fell i had cost
    b had fallen j cost
    c had felt/felt k flew
    d felt 1 had never flown
    e had had m caught
    f had n had caught
    g tore o had been
    h had torn p were
    Exercise 2
    •/: feel have cost catch ^: fall tear fly be
    2 Past Simple or Continuous?
    a played/was playing were winning

b was coughing/coughed didn't get c was playing hit made d wasn't thinking had e picked gave made f was pruning heard appeared

    stung g was snowing got up
    were making put raced
    3 Past Simple or Past Perfect?

a didn't find had given b rang had just returned c had wanted did had come d had/had had burst/had burst

    broke/had broken left/had left e went had been had had
    decided f had been/was became

had earned gave g had eaten didn't fit h came had done had made 4 Time expressions Exercise 1

    a3 b4 c2 d5 el f9 g6 h 10 i 8 j 7 k 13 1 14 m 15 n 12 o 11
    Exercise 2
    a Two years ago, while I was working

in Paris, my grandfather died. b As soon as I had fed the cat I did my homework. c First I had a shower, then I got

    dressed. d Since I was a child I had always
    wanted to go to Australia, and I

finally went last year. e As he posted the letter he realized he hadn't put a stamp on it. f By the time he'd finished speaking, most of the audience had fallen

    g Once I'd told him the truth I felt
    better. h Until I tried/had tried waterskiing I
    hadn't believed/didn't believe how
    difficult it would be.
    5 Puss in Boots
    Exercise 1
    1 had been staying, had just waved
    2 were driving, was miaowing
    3 crashed into
    4 caught fire, arrived, pulled them out
    5 had raced back
    6 leapt up, ran away, was carrying
    7 hadn't found
    8 was lying awake, heard, woke, had been dreaming

9 crept, the noise was coming from, were bleeding, had found his way, had been walking

    10 knitted, wore
    Exercise 2

a were driving n was lying awake b had been o had been staying dreaming c had just waved p heard d was miaowing q woke e crashed into r crept f caught fire s the noise was g arrived coming from h pulled them t had been

out walking i had raced back u had found his j was carrying way k leapt up v were bleeding 1 ran away w knitted m hadn't found x wore

    Exercise 3
    a Who had Jim and Rita been staying

b Why was Whiskers miaowing? c What happened to their car? d What was Rita doing when the car

    exploded? e Why did Whiskers run away? /Why

did Whiskers leap into the air? f What had Rita been dreaming about? g How long had Whiskers been

    walking (for)? h Why did Rita knit him some baby
    6 Active to passive
    a A medieval temple was discovered

underneath the new housing estate. b The races were held indoors because it was raining. c Our house had been broken into

    and all my jewellery had been
    stolen. d The leisure centre had been booked

for a children's party on Saturday. e The dishwasher was being fixed so I couldn't leave the house. f Our hotel room still hadn't been cleaned when we returned. g The fish hadn't been cooked for long enough. It was still raw! h New traffic lights were being put up at the crossroads.

    7 Active and passive
    Maudie Walker
    a had just d was overcome

succeeded e suffered b was smiling f died c waving Major Summerfield

a had died g had just caught b was fighting h struck c was struck i were paralysed d fell j was being e wasn't badly buried

    injured k shattered f was fishing Rueben Tice

a wasn't e exploded b was working f was hit c hadn't slept g was killed d was putting/ h was covered

    had been putting
    8 The world of literature

Poetry: nursery rhyme character ballad verse paperback hardback Prose: plot chapter autobiography character best-seller review science fiction novelist critic blockbuster fairy tale hardback whodunnit paperback thriller Drama: plot act director

character backstage leading role . science fiction script review blockbuster props scenery critic rehearsal playwright whodunnit stalls thriller standing ovation performance

    9 Words commonly confused
    1 a 're waiting for b is expected c are looking forward to
    2 a ground b floor c ground
    3 a Actually b at the moment c really
    4 a alone lonely b lone
    5 a nervous b embarrassed c ashamed
    6 a was usually taken b brought/brings c fetch
    7 a Have you seen b were watching c Look at
    10 Phrasal verbs type 1
    Exercise 1

show off-boast turnup-arrive find out - discover own up - admit doze off- fall responsibility

asleep cheer up - be hold on - wait happier speak up - talk go out - stop louder burning set off - begin a shut up-be quiet journey stay in - not go blow up - explode out, stay at home settle down have

    a calmer, more
    stable life
    Exercise 2

a owns up i dozed off b went out j find out c '11 turn up k Shut up d set off 1 Hold on e Cheer up m Speak up f showing off ' n blew up g stay in h settled down

    11 Diphthongs Exercise 1

a /pei/ e /dis/ b /rait/ f /boi/ c /faun/ g /tus/ d /round/ h /fea/ Exercise 2

a near e page b care f join c throw g town d flight h fewer Exercise 3

    1'v. l (2) /ei/ (1 ) /u: /(4) /so/(3)
    /3: /(5) /3: /(6) /3: /(8) /I8/(7)
    /s: / (10) /a: / (9)
    /au/(ll) /so/(12)
    /u: / (13) /so/ (14)
    /u: z/(17) /suz/(15) /aus/(16)
    /u: z/(19) /u: s/(18)
    /cm/(22) /u: m/(21) /sum/(20)
    /ol/(23) /sul/(24) /Am/(26)

/somf (25) ls\l (27) (28) /ei/(29) /e/(30) /u/ (33) /u: /(32) /a/ (31) /ud/ (35) /sold/ (34) /su/(38) /a/(36) /o/(37)

    Unit 4
    1 Countable or uncountable?

a luggage f unemployment b food g accommodation c cash h health d corn i music e fruit j traffic

    2 some or any?

a any d some any b some/any any e any any c Some any f some some 3 much or many?

a Is there much work .... ? b I didn't spend much time . '... c Did they do much research .... ? d They couldn't give me much

information .... e There is too much traffic .... f I didn't have too many problems....

    4 The canteen

Exercise 1(Sample answers) a There are lots of cheese sandwiches. b There are a few ham sandwiches. c There's a huge amount of spaghetti. d There's only a little rice and

vegetable curry. e There are a few hamburgers. f There are no chips. g There's hardly any fruit salad.

h There are a couple of bananas. i There aren't many doughnuts. j There's hardly any apple juice.

    Exercise 2

a 's lots f are a few b a few g 's only a little c 's only a little h 've got a couple d aren't any (left) i a little e a little j lots

    5 very little, a little, very few, a few, fewer, less
    a a few chips
    b a little whisky
    c Children have less respect for their

teachers than they used to. d very few e a little Swedish f Fewer people . g Very few people h a few years

    i There's very little I can do .... j a few of them
    6 From riches to rags Exercise 1
    a many k all b hardly any/ 1 a large number

very little m very little/ c a few hardly any d a huge amount n fewer e no o less f few p none g nobody q a lot h much r a couple i most s anything j several t Something

    Exercise 2

a Fred has no relatives. b Fred didn't talk to anyone about his grief. c People were friendly to Fred

because he had a lot of money. d He invested a lot/a huge amount of his money. e Fred had a little money left when

    Barings went bankrupt. f Nobody helped Fred when he ran
    out of money. g Fred has made a couple of real
    friends. h Fred has learned a lot from his
    7 something, anybody,
    everyone, nowhere.... Exercise 1

a somewhere h anywhere b anyone i someone c everywhere j something anywhere anything d anything k anyone e everything 1 Everyone/ f nothing Everybody g nobody/no one

    Exercise 2
    a He told the police that he knew

He didn't tell the police anything. b I think they live somewhere in London.

    I don't mind. I'll live anywhere in
    c Anybody can cook. It's easy.
    Nobody phoned you. Sorry. d I've searched everywhere.

I can't find it anywhere. e I thought I'd know somebody at the party.

I didn't know anyone at the party. f My parents never took me anywhere when I was a kid.

    My parents took me everywhere
    when I was young. g Jane always got everything she

Jane didn't have anything to wear. h I've already had something to eat. I've had nothing to eat.

    8 all or every?

a everything b Everything c All d Every e All f All g All h all the i everything j all k Every

    9 A piece of cake! Exercise 1
    a jar of honey a can of beer/soup/
    Coke a slice of bread/cake
    a tube of toothpaste a piece of cake/
    paper/bread a loaf of bread
    a bottle of beer/Coke a bar of
    soap/chocolate a box of chocolates
    a tin of soup a sheet of paper
    Exercise 2
    a a piece/slice f slice of bread

of cake g many cans/ b a tin/can of bottles of beer soup h bar of soap c sheets of paper i a jar of special d a box of apple blossom

    chocolates honey, e bar of chocolate
    10 Prepositions and nouns
    Exercise 1
    above/below/on average on foot
    under arrest over/under Ј500
    above/below/over/under 75%
    above/below freezing
    over/under 18 years old
    under new management
    on holiday under pressure
    on business
    at/by midnight during/in the night
    by/on New Year's Day
    by/during/in the winter
    by/on Friday afternoon
    at/by/during the weekend
    in/on time in a fortnight's time
    during/in the rush hour in his forties
    Exercise 2

a over b in c on d at e on f on g By h On i at j during/ in k below 1 under m in n by o in

    11 Sentence stress
    a Well, I know he earns a lot more
    • than me.
    b What do you mean? He's already bought a brand new one.
    c Didn't you know that all of Frank's
    clothes are designer labels? d He has loads of them.
    e No, in fact he's in Florida on
    • holiday.
    • • f Really? The girl I saw him with had
    • • short, brown hair.
    12 Phonetics
    Exercises 1 and 2

Fruit: 'grapefruit pear 'pineapple 'cherry 'melon 'orange plum 'strawberry 'raspberry avo'cado 'mango

Vegetables: 'carrot 'cauliflower pea po'tato 'cabbage leek cour'gette 'parsnip 'cucumber 'sweetcorn 'spinach 'onion

    Unit 5
    1 Question tags
    a You're going to work harder from

now on, aren't you? b I'll see you next week, won't I? c Kate's leaving soon, isn't she? d You'll ring when you get there,

    won't you? e Our plane takes off at 4 p. m. ,
    doesn't it? f The decorators will have finished by
    next week, won't they? g You aren't getting married next
    week, are you? h We won't need tickets to get in, will
    1 We'll be millionaires one day, won't
    we? j Max won't be coming, will he?
    2 will or going to?

a A 'm going to B '11 b A are going to B '11 c A 'm going to '11 B '11 d A 's going to/will B '11 e A 'm not going to B '11 f A '11 B 'm going to '11 g A 'm going to B '11 '11 h A 're going to/'ll B '11

    3 What does John say?
    a. I'll buy her a present.
    b I'm going to study hard ....
    c I'm seeing/going to see ....
    d I think Manchester United will/are

going to win on Saturday. e I'm sorry. I'm going to be late. f My sister is going to have/having a

    baby next March. g My plane takes off at 7. 30 a. m.

from London, Heathrow. h I'll be lying on a beach in Spain this time next week.

    4 Future Cont. or Perfect?
    a I'll have become ....
    b I'll be running my own , ..
    c I'll have moved to California.
    d I'll be living in a mansion ....
    e I'll have joined a ....
    f I'll have married a ....
    g I'll be earning over .... h I'll have given up smoking.
    5 A Hollywood interview Exercise 1

a are getting h will arrive b will have i are coming exchanged j won't be c '11 make coming d are going to k are going to tell have e are having 1 doesn't start f will you be m will be arriving inviting n leaves g are coming o '11 be

    Exercise 2
    a will be e will be working

expecting f will be worried/ b '11 own worrying c will have fallen g won't have

out remembered/ d will be having/ won't remember will have had h will want i won't agree

    6 Correcting mistakes
    a A What are you doing this weekend?
    B • b A •

B Oh, no! What am I going to do? c A Is it true that Rachel is getting married to .... B • d A •

    B Yuk! You'll have to wake me up.
    I can never get up .... e A •
    B .... You'll be getting .... f A •
    B .... It'll only take a .... g A •
    B .... We're going to stay/

're staying at home. h A I'll ring you as soon as I arrive. B •

    7 Future time clauses
    a won't get eat sensibly.
    b 're not moving to find/have found
    c '11 love/'re going to love meet
    d Are you going to learn 're
    e won't go to bed have
    f 's going to be 've finished
    g don't do will you have to
    h will deal are
    i '11 feel have/have had
    j try/have tried '11 never use
    8 Health
    Exercise 1 (Sample answers) a The nurse took the patient's
    temperature. b The surgeon performed a difficult
    operation. c The accident victim was carried on
    a stretcher. d The toddler fell over and grazed his

e The teenager had spots on her face. f The pregnant woman felt faint in the smoky atmosphere. g The old man had a heart attack.

    h The tennis player sprained her
    wrist. i The racing driver was lucky to
    survive the crash. j The soldier was wounded in the

k The gardener was stung by a wasp. 1 The ferry passengers felt sea-sick during the crossing. m The holidaymaker suffered from

    Exercise 2

a injured f allergic to b dislocated g a blister c stitches h dizzy d pain i run down e a rash j damages

    9 Hot Verbs be and have
    Exercise 1

beon the safe side in touch with sb no point in doing sth off colour out of one's mind up to date in charge of sb/sth on one's mind

have the nerve to do sth sb round a word with sb a ball no chance of doing sth Exercise 2

    a be a bit off g had the nerve

colour h to be on the b '11 be in touch safe side c 're having Mel i have no chance

    and Andy of

round j 'm in charge of d 's always on k having a ball my mind 1 's no point in e 've been out m be up to date of my mind f have a word

    with you
    10 Phrasal verbs types 2 and 3

a talked it over g look after him b take after her h look into it c sort it out i get over it d gone off her j work it out e call it off k putting me f put them away down

    11 Sounds and spelling
    Exercise 1

a won't /au/ want /r>/ b walk h: / work ly. l c wonder /a/ wander lol d woman /u/ women /i/ e warm lo: l worm /3: / f word /3: / ward Iv. l g wear leal weary list h weight /ei/ weird /is/ Exercise 2

a phone e weak h height b blood f lower i pear c love g north j layer d through

    Unit 6
    1 General knowledge quiz
    Ib 2a 3a 4c 5b 6a 7c 8b 9c 10 a
    2 Defining or non-defining?
    Exercise 1
    aD bD cND dD eND f D g ND h D i ND j ND
    Exercise 2
    a .... who could teach me ....
    b .... that has four bedrooms.
    c .... Romeo and Juliet, which is one of

the best films I've ever seen. d .... that sells second-hand furniture? e Marilyn Monroe, whose real name

    was Norma Jean Baker, died of an

overdose of barbiturates. f .... who lose their temper .... g My computer, which I bought just

last year, is already out of date. h I met a girl I went to school with. i Professor James Williams, who is

    considered to be the world's expert
    on butterflies, will.... j I bought a ham and pickle
    sandwich, which I ate immediately.
    3 Punctuation and omitting the pronoun
    a The thing that I most regret is not
    going to university. b My two daughters, who are 16 and

13, are both interested in dancing. c (no change) d (no change) e (no change) f Salt, whose qualities have been

    known since prehistoric times, is

used to season and preserve food. g The CD -that I bought yesterday doesn't work. h You know the book -that you paid

Ј20 for? I just got it for Ј5. i (no change) j Devon, where my mother's family comes from, is famous ....

    4 All relative pronouns Exercise 1
    a Have I told you recently how much I
    love you? b I have to do what I believe to be
    right. c I love garlic in all my food, which is

why I'm always brushing my teeth. d We're emigrating to Australia, where my brother lives. e I met a girl whose hair came down to her waist. f I passed all my exams, which greatly

    surprised my teachers. g Let me know when you expect to
    arrive. h Being generous, I'll buy you
    whatever you want.
    Exercise 2

a who i where b that j that c where k whose d which 1 (nothing) e (nothing) m where f whose n which g which o Whatever h (nothing)

    5 Prepositions in relative clauses
    a This is the book I was telling you

b She's a friend I can always rely on. c That's the man the police were looking for. d She recommended a book by

    Robert Palmer, who I'd never heard
    of. e The carpet which you paid Ј500 for

has been reduced to Ј200. f The Prime Minister, whose views I agree with, gave a good speech. g He spoke about the environment, which I care deeply about. h What's that music you're listening to? i Her mother, who she looked after

for many years, died last week. j My daughter has started smoking, which I disapprove of.

    6 Participles as adjectives
    a screaming k boring
    b satisfied 1 tiring
    c disgusting m unexpected
    d confusing n disturbing
    e loaded o thrilling
    f exposed p relaxing
    g conceited q blocked
    h frightening r disappointed
    i exhausting s well-behaved
    j disappointing t promising
    7 Participle clauses Exercise 1

a People living .... b Letters posted .... c The train standing .... d .... passengers trapped .... e .... litter dropped .... f .... house overlooking .... Exercise 2

a finishing f knowing b stolen g explaining c saying h Taking d Feeling i directed e borrowed j studying

    8 / didn't know what to do
    a .... what time to invite people.
    b .... whether to invite Suzie or not.
    c .... how to use e-mail.
    d .... what drink to buy.
    e .... how many people to invite.
    9 Micro Mad Max
    a 10 b 13 c 7 d 9 e 1 f 2 gl4 h4 ill j3 k5 16 m 12- n 8
    10 a three-mile walk
    a a ten-pound g a ten-page letter
    note h a three-year b a four-week course
    language course i a ten-year c a three-hour sentence

drive j a five-star hotel d a three-course k a 30-mile-an meal hour speed e a two-week limit

    holiday 1 a two-hundred-f a two-hour year-old house delay
    11 People, places, and things
    People: obstinate cunning spoilt

aggressive arrogant easy-going Places: breathtaking unspoilt picturesque deserted overgrown

    overcrowded Things: automatic hand-made
    accurate waterproof artificial
    12 Similar words

a illegible g truthful b unreadable h true c childish i intolerant d childlike j intolerable e sensitive k economic f sensible 1 economical 13 Adjective + preposition

a of b with, for c for d of e of f with/in g from, to h about i to j of k of 1 for m for n about o with

    14 Silent consonants
    Exercise 1 A

industry computer continent recipe eccentric insect lamp hooligan stadium forest citizen B

bomb listen gadget honest receipt mortgage fasten heirloom whistle straight fascinating sandwich exhausted

    Exercise 2

a scientific g climb b psychologist h grandfather c handsome i campaign d research j Wednesday e Christmas k calm f friendship 1 whisky Unit 7

    1 Basic verb patterns
    a I enjoy cooking. I find it very
    creative. b I look forward to seeing you again
    soon. c You need to book if you want to eat
    at Guide's. d I finished painting the bathroom
    last night. e My dad promised to buy me a

stereo if I passed my exams. f I hope to see you again soon. g Anna chose to wear her black suede

    skirt for the party. h What do you feel like doing
    tonight? i I can't afford to buy anything. I'm
    broke. j I can't stand waiting in queues. It
    really annoys me. k Beth helped me do the washing-up.
    1 What would you like to do tonight?
    2 Using a dictionary Exercise 1
    a .... they stopped to ask for ....
    b •
    c I stopped playing ....
    d The rain was so heavy .... to stop

the kitchen from flooding. e .... stopped me to ask why .... f .... the sun stopped shining. g •

    h .... stop his son from going to ....
    Exercise 2 a •
    b I avoid travelling ....
    c Have you considered working ....
    d We expected him to arrive ....
    e •
    f I've arranged to collect....
    g •
    h I can't help loving .... i I offered to give ....
    J • k •

1 I suggest we go to a restaurant.... m I want you to come home early. 3 More complex verb patterns

    Exercise 1 (Sample answers)
    My brother wants me to fix his bike.
    Our hosts would hate us to be late.
    My aunt would love me to visit her
    more often.
    The doctor warned his patient not to
    work so hard.
    My parents expect me to do well in my
    The guide advised the tourists to stay
    The policeman told the driver to slow
    We invited all our friends to come to a
    The teacher made her class do the
    exercise again.
    My grandparents let us do what we
    I'd like my son to take over my
    Exercise 2

a I didn't expect to see Ben .... b We've been invited to dinner .... c I need to have a hair-cut. d I'm looking forward to seeing you

    in June. e I can't decide what to have for

f The teacher let us go home early. g But she made us do .... h Do you mind waiting for a minute? i I'd rather have tea. j I suggest we wait before we .... k She offered to lend me some money. 1 He asked me not to make a noise. m I apologized to my neighbours for

    waking them.
    4 -ing or infinitive?
    a to think getting
    b to lock falling
    c making to make
    d to buy meeting
    e to do asking
    f to play to rain
    g to speak painting
    h cooking to cook to pay
    5 Adjectives, nouns, and prepositions
    Exercise 1
    a impossible e delighted
    b nice f kind
    c safe g sorry
    d mean h interesting
    Exercise 2

a time to go e need to shout b way to skin f things to do c idea to visit g money to pay d anyone to talk h nothing to wear

    Exercise 3

a for arriving g at remembering b by doing h of buying c about going i for coming d without asking j like going e with having k of being stung f for making

    6 Forms of the infinitive

a have forgotten g to disturb b to be selected h be working c to pay i to have seen d to have met j to be e to be recognized

dry-cleaned k have told f to be having 1 to be handed 7 /don't want to

    a7 b9 c6 d2 el flO g 4 h 3 i 5 j 8
    8 The house that Jack built

a to work i repaying b to pay j to give c leaving k to celebrate d to do 1 doing e to lend m to build f listening n living g working o being h to make 9 Verbs of perception

a singing f waiting b slam g being built c cooking h laughing d playing i eat sunbathing j shoplifting e pick rip take put

    10 Compound nouns
    a blood test blood pressure
    blood donor
    b campsite building site bomb-site c waterfall water-melon
    water-skiing d greenhouse greengrocer
    green salad

e nightclub nightmare night shift f briefcase suitcase bookcase g paper bag plastic bag


h rainbow raincoat raindrop i sunshine sunrise sunset j roadworks road sign road rage k blackboard floorboard

    1 daylight daybreak day-dream m handshake handwriting

n ice-cube iceberg ice-rink o birthday cake birthday present birthday card

    p landscape landlady landslide q sports car sports centre
    sports ground r address book visitors' book
    11 Phrasal verbs type 4

a away from g up for b down on h away with c on with i up with d up to j out with e down on k up against f away with 1 in with

    12 Weak and strong forms Exercise 1
    a She isn't going to learn from this

experience, but he is. b I've heard that you're thinking of moving from London. Are you? c They have dinner at seven, don't they? d You'll be able to get a ticket for me,

    won't you? e Rye got no idea who this letters
    from. f Can't you remember who Bill used
    to work for? g I've been^ waiting for you to come.
    Where were you? h We'd been looking forward to
    coming for ages, then at the last

minute we weren't able to. i Won't you sit down for a couple of minutes?

    Exercise 2
    A What are you doing at the
    weekend? A We're going to Scotland. Do you
    want to come too? A We've decided to camp. None of us

can afford to pay for a hotel. A No we won't. We've got strong tents, lots of warm clothes, and

    thick sleeping bags. A Of course we have, and it's pretty

warm for October. A Excellent. I'll tell the others. They'll be delighted. We'll pick you up at

    six on Friday. See you then.
    Unit 8
    1 How certain?

a •• b • c •• d •• e • f •• g • h •• i • j •• k •• 1 •• 2 Present probability

    a She must be missing her boyfriend.
    b It'll be Tom.
    c She can't still be sleeping.
    d They should be in the top drawer.
    e They could be having a party.
    f He must have a deadline to meet.
    g It might be difficult driving to
    work. h She may be hiding in the wardrobe.
    3 Past probability Exercise 1

a She must have got engaged to Andy. b He can't have cut it for ages. c They must have been doing something naughty. d She must have been making a cake. e They can't/must/might have gone

    without me.

f He can't have had a party last night. g They should have arrived home by now. h She might have mislaid my number.

    Exercise 2
    a It must have been blown down by
    the wind. b They must have been washed with
    something red.

c It can't have been mended properly. d It can't have been given enough to eat. e They can't have been watered for a

    long time. f It must have been shattered by a

Exercise 3 (Sample answers) If I go to India I can see the Taj Mahal. If I go to India I will see...... If I go to India I might see .... If I go to India I may see .... If I went to India I would see .... If I went to India I might see .... If I went to India I could see .... If I'd gone .... I might have seen .... If I'd gone .... I would have seen .... If I'd gone .... I could have seen ....

    4 Deductions about the present and past
    a must be making b could have used might have

climbed up c would have been d may have been joking can't have spent must have misheard e should be touching down

must be will already have landed. f could be snowing can snow 5 Meaning check

    a ability g sure
    b permission h possibility
    c permission i gave ....
    d advice not necessary
    e asking j ought
    f manage
    6 Which modals fit? Exercise 1
    a should/ought to
    b Can/Could/May/Might
    c must/have to/should
    d can
    e will/could/may/might/should/
    ought to f can g have to h could/may/might/should/
    ought to/must i can/could/may/should/ought to/
    must/have to j must/have to
    Exercise 2

a shouldn't f was able to b don't have to g should have c couldn't gone d won't h mustn't e cannot

    7 Obligation and permission
    Exercise 1
    1 will not marry 5 may not visit
    2 can only keep 6 cannot ride
    3 should 7 shall sweep command 8 will dress
    4 must be at must be
    home 9 may not travel
    Exercise 2
    a had to couldn't
    b had to weren't allowed to/couldn't
    c didn't have to was also allowed

couldn't/weren't allowed to d weren't allowed to/couldn't e were forbidden to/weren't allowed

    to/couldn't f had to weren't allowed to/couldn't
    8 Present to past

a I had to take .... b They must have been away .... c We couldn't see the top .... d He can't/couldn't have been .... e We weren't allowed to/were forbidden to/couldn't.... f He wouldn't go to bed. g That would have been John .... h You should have been more careful. i You didn't have to do this exercise.

    9 Positive to negative

a You mustn't stop here. b We didn't have to learn .... c They didn't have to take .... d He can't be speaking Swedish. e We didn't have to wear .... f You won't have to help me ....

    10 need and needn't have Exercise 1
    aV bM cV dV eV fM g M h V i V j M
    Exercise 2

a mustn't f didn't need to b needn't/ take/didn't have don't have to to take c have to/need to g got to d don't need to/ h needn't have

    don't have to bought e needn't have
    11 Words that go together

a C bA cD dB eD fC gB hA iC jA kB ID m C n D 12 A word puzzle

    1 OSCAR
    10 MODEL
    Mystery word: CELEBRITIES
    13 Verb + preposition

a for b about/for/at c of d from e in f to g in h in i to/with j to, about

    14 Consonant clusters and
    connected speech Exercise 1

a doesn't i thrilled b shouldn't j marvellous c mustn't k excitement d muscles 1 sixth e crashed m impressed f distinctly n length g special o comfortable h grumbled

    Exercise 2

a The car windscreen's smashed. b My uncle's sprained his ankle. c This cream doesn't taste fresh. d You don't have to scream. e These white jeans must have shrunk. f She arrived dressed in the latest


g He doesn't know his own strength. h He can't have fixed it properly. Unit 9

    1 Negative auxiliaries

a don't e isn't h doesn't b didn't f won't/ i hadn't c haven't isn't j hasn't d aren't g 'm not

    2 no, not, -n't, or none?

a not b n't c not d not e no f Not g none h no i n't j not k Not 1 none m No n no o None p Not

3 Making sentences mean the opposite (Sample answers) a None of the students passed the exam, so their teacher was

    furious/disappointed. b Tom was an unsuccessful
    businessman who achieved very
    little in his life. c Our house is easy to find. No one
    ever gets lost. d We had a terrible time in Venice. - .

There were too many people there. e You mustn't exercise your ankle. Try not to move it at all. f I don't have to iron my shirt. I'm not going out tonight. g You don't need to/needn't come

with me. I'll go on my own. h I wasn't in a hurry because I didn't need to go to the shops. i You ought not to have given the dog anything to eat. j I told you not to go to work. Why

    aren't you in bed?
    4 / don't think you're right

a. I don't suppose you've got.... b The machine doesn't seem to be working.

c I didn't think it was going to rain. d They don't want their daughter to marry a footballer. e I didn't expect to see you .... f I don't suppose you've seen .... g I don't think I'd like snails. h I don't expect you remember me.

i She doesn't seem to like her job. j I don't believe she got grade A .... 5 Buzz Aldrin

    a When did man first walk on the
    b Who went first? c How long has Buzz Aldrin been

travelling the world? d Where was he born? e Which military academy did he graduate from?

f Where did he serve as a pilot? g When was he chosen as an astronaut? h When was Apollo 11 launched to

    the moon?

i How long did the mission last? j What happened to Buzz when he returned?

    k What did he suffer from? 1 How many children did he have
    from his first marriage? m How many times has he been

n Who saved him from self-destruction? o Who do they live with? p How many cars do they have? q What sort of books has he written? r When wasEncounter with Tiber published? s What does he do with himself these

    6 Dialogues
    a Who made that mess .... ?
    What were you doing?
    When are you going to tidy it up? b What was it like?
    Who did you talk to?
    What went wrong?
    What about? c What for/Why?
    Who was he attacked by/Who by?
    What was he doing/Where was he
    when .... ?
    How is he?
    Which hospital was he taken to?
    How long is he going to be in
    7 Questions and prepositions
    Exercise 1
    a by b to c at d on e for f in g about h of i from j with
    Exercise 2

a Whatabout? e Who for? b Where to? f Who to? c Whatabout? g What with? d How long for?

    8 How.... 7 and What.... like?
    a What's he like?
    b How was school today?
    c What was the food like?
    d How was your journey?
    e What's the weather like?
    f How is/was she?
    g What's it like?
    h How's your job these days?
    9 Negative questions
    a2 bl c3 d4 e5 f6 g 8 h 7 . i 9 j 10 k 12 1 11
    10 Antonyms and synonyms A B

unkind cruel dishonest deceitful incredible unbelievable disappear vanish unfair biased displeased annoyed discontinue halt unfasten undo abnormal exceptional unemployed redundant unfriendly hostile distrust suspect unprofessional amateur unknown anonymous discover/uncover reveal unsafe hazardous abuse/misuse damage improbable unlikely unimportant trivial unemotional reserved 11 Hot Verbs keep and /ose Exercise 1

    keep calm a promise going
    in touch with sb sb company
    your nerve a secret sb waiting
    your temper fit lose weight your way your nerve
    your temper
    Exercise 2

a keep in touch e lost my nerve b lost my temper f keep fit c keep going g Keep calm d keep a secret h lost my way

    12 Phrasal verbs and nouns
    that go together Exercise 1

come up with a new idea, a plan beat up an old man, a victim of a crime break into a house, a flat, to steal

    something break off a relationship, an

bring out a new product on the market bring up children to be honest and hard-working clear out a cupboard and throw out

what you don't want count on your best friend to help you deal with a problem, a complaint, a difficult customer drop out of a university course after

    one year fit in with the other people in the

look up to someone you respect point out a fact that someone might not be aware of take back what I said -1 didn't mean

    it tell off a naughty child
    Exercise 2

a clear out h come up with b are bringing out i told Tom off c broke into j deal with d beat him up k fit in with

e looked up to 1 drop out of f I take it all back. m count on g I'll point him out n brought me up

    13 Intonation in question tags Exercise 1

a aren't you? V g aren't I? V b wasn't it? V h have you? A c could you? A i isn't it? V d isn't he? V j weren't we? V e isn't it? V k would you? A f has he? A 1 had we? V

    Exercise 2

a You like that car, don't you? V b Vanessa, you're going to Rome next week, aren't you? A c That was awful, wasn't it? V d You haven't borrowed my new coat

    again, have you? A e You couldn't water my plants while
    I'm away, could you? A
    Unit 10
    1 Tina's diary
    Exercises 1 and 2

a usually f rarely/ b occasionally hardly ever c used to C) g always d frequently h sometimes e rarely/ i will

    hardly ever j would (•)
    2 Present habit Exercise 1
    Id 2g 3f 4e 5h 6c 7b 8 i 9 j 10 a
    Exercise 2 (Sample answers)
    a She has three a day.
    b He's always telling people how
    clever he is. c She won't eat anything at all

d He doesn't play anything. e They're always buying things. f He's always sitting at his computer,

surfing the Internet. g She's always watching TV. h He always expects the worst to happen. i They will eat with their mouths

    open. j He never lets you down.
    3 used to and would Exercise 1
    a used to e used to
    b Did you use to f didn't use to
    c never used to/ g did you use to
    didn't use to h Didn't you d Did you use to use to
    Exercise 2

1 a, b 2 a 3 a, b, c 4 a, b, c 5 a 6 a, b, c 7 a, b 8 a 9 a, b, c

    4 Criticizing other people
    Exercise 1
    b • d • e • h • i •
    Exercise 2 My family
    a My dad will mend/is always
    mending.... b My brother will leave/is always
    leaving.... c My sister will borrow/is always
    borrowing.... d Uncle Tom will smoke/is always
    smoking .... e My grandpa would chew/was always
    chewing.... f Our great-grandma wouldn't turn
    on/was always turning off....
    5 Henry's Ј4. 5 million secret Exercise 1
    al b2 cl d3 e2 fl g2 hli3jlk211m3n2 o 3 p 3
    Exercise 2

a believe d didn't g always b to e use h inherited c would f used 6 get, become, or be?

a get upset h became clear b became ill i got to know c 'm getting better got to like d to become j aren't used to

a pilot k has become a e '11 be ready bit of a bore 'm just getting 1 'm tired dressed m gets dark 've been ready n is becoming f 're lost more g are getting/ widespread are going to get/ have got divorced

    7 Money Exercise 1 A+B
    I took out a loan.
    I exchanged some traveller's cheques.
    I inherited my grandfather's farm.
    We don't accept credit cards.
    I need change for a fiver.
    I earned over Ј2, 000 in interest.
    B + C
    This new coat was a bargain.
    His cheque bounced.
    Inflation went up by 2%.
    The exchange rate is good at the
    My credit card expires at the end of
    My piggy bank is full of 5p pieces.
    Exercise 2 A lesson in thrift at the supermarket

a check-out i wallet b bar codes j cash c added k customers d bill 1 cut e pay m came to f salary n saving g cheque o change h overdrawn p receipt 8 Verb + object + preposition

a remind me so much of b invest all our money in c insured our car against d congratulated me on e was compensated .... for f models herself on g hide the truth from h held her tightly against/to i invited 300 guests to j brainwashes people into k inherit a penny from 1 shouted abuse at m forgive him for n was accused .... of 9 Rhymes and limericks

    Exercise 1

should good food nude bread said leaf chief choose lose taught court toes knows chef deaf hate weight through knew tight height wore pour full wool brain reign pool fool leave grieve blood mud foot put

    Exercise 2 The Pelican
    A rare old bird is a pelican
    His beak can hold more than his belly
    He can take in his beak

Enough food for a week, And I'm damned if I know how the hell he can! The lady from Twickenham There was a young lady from Twickenham Whose shoes were too tight to walk quick in 'em.

    She came back from a walk

Looking whiter than chalk And she took them both off and was sick in 'em! Unit 11

    1 Real or hypothetical past? Exercise 1
    a • d • h •
    Sentences b, c, e, f, and g all express
    Exercise 2
    a X b • c X d X e • f X g X h • Exercise 3

a don't, d is. g was. b didn't, e won't, h don't. c can't, f do. 2 Present and past wishes Exercise 1

I wish you were rich. I wish I were rich. I wish you could come. I wish I could come. I wish you would come. I wish you had come.

    Exercise 2
    a could/ e had stayed

was able to f didn't speak/ b wasn't wouldn't speak c didn't g hadn't spent d hadn't gone h lived

    3 Expressions of regret Exercise 1
    a I wish I'd invited him to the party.
    b You should have been watching ...,
    c If only I hadn't said that to her.
    d I wish I hadn't hit him.
    e I'd rather you didn't tell her.
    f I wish Megan didn't/wouldn't stay
    out so late.

g If only we could come .... h I should have worked harder .... Exercise 2 (Sample answers)

    a I wish I had a Rolls Royce.
    b If only I could get a job.
    c If only I could get to sleep. I wish it
    were morning. d We should have booked some

e I wish I'd bought some petrol. f I wish she'd stop playing, (the cat speaking! )

    4 Making excuses Exercise 1
    a If I hadn't had the shellfish, I

wouldn't have been ill. b I would have phoned you if I'd had the time. c If I'd known the jumper was so

    expensive, I wouldn't have bought
    it. d I wouldn't have believed it if I
    hadn't seen it with my own eyes.
    Exercise 2
    a If I'd known your address, I'd have
    sent you a postcard. b If I'd known when your birthday

was, I'd have bought you a present. c If I'd set my alarm clock, I wouldn't be late/have been late. d If I hadn't been taking my wife to hospital, I wouldn't have broken the

    speed limit.
    5 May's disastrous day
    Exercise 1
    a .... she'd set her alarm clock.
    b .... she hadn't been late again.
    c .... she wouldn't have locked herself
    in the toilet and she wouldn't have

forgotten to meet Ben for lunch. d .... he wouldn't have ended their relationship. e .... she wouldn't have lost a contact


f .... she hadn't lost a contact lens. g .... she wouldn't have had to wait at the bus stop in the pouring rain/....

she wouldn't have got so wet. h .... she hadn't waited at the bus stop in the pouring rain/ .... she hadn't

    got so wet. i .... she hadn't forgotten to meet him
    three times. j .... it wouldn't have eaten the
    Exercise 2

M Well, if you hadn't ended our relationship. I wouldn't have forgotten to feed the cat and then it wouldn't have eaten the budgie.

M Well, that was Ms Collins' fault. If she hadn't cancelled mv business trip. I wouldn't have been upset and locked myself in the toilet and I wouldn't have forgotten to meet you for lunch.

B Ah! Now I understand everything. If you'd remembered to set your alarm clock, you wouldn't have overslept and you wouldn't have been late for work and Ms Collins wouldn't have cancelled your business trip and you wouldn't have been upset and forgotten our date.

    6 Revision of all conditionals

a If I still feel sick. I won't go .... b If you sold them, you'd make .... c If I see her. I'll tell her.... d If Alice hadn't gone .... she wouldn't have met.... e 'If she didn't love him, she wouldn't

have marriedhim. ' f If you buy ...... you get one free. g A What would you do if you saw a ghost?

    B I'd run a mile. h If we had brought...... we would
    know.... i If you hadn't had .... , the house

would have burnt down. j If I were you, I'd apologize. k If he eats cheese, he gets .... 1 If you listened ...... you would have heard .... wouldn't be stuck here.

    7 Words other than if Exercise 1

a Supposing e Were b in case f as long as c unless g Had d Providing h Should Exercise 2

a I won't come unless they invite me. b Supposing he left you, what would you do? c I'll join the tennis club provided

    that you do/join too. d We're going to install a smoke

alarm in case there is a fire. e She won't get the job unless she learns to speak French. f Imagine the lifeguard hadn't been there, what would have happened? g I won't go out this evening in case Paul rings. h I'll come at 8. 00 as long as that's all

    right with you.
    8 Poor rich Mr Briggs

a wish b provided c unless d would e should f only g if h case i even j would k been 1 be m hadn't n would o hadn't

    9 Physical appearance or personality?
    Exercise 1

Physical appearance: curly spotty skinny freckled wrinkled bald well-built graceful bespectacled agile chubby smart

Personality: brainy nosy cheeky moody two-faced absent-minded narrow-minded quick-tempered affectionate hard-hearted big-headed smart

    Exercise 2
    to arm a country against the threat of
    war to back out of an agreement/the car

out of the garage to elbow someone out of the way to eye someone with suspicion to finger the material gently to foot the bill for the meal to hand out the books to the class to head the ball into the net to shoulder the responsibility/blame to thumb through a book quickly to toe the line in a job or organization

    Exercise 3

a. handed g were armed b elbow h toe c thumbed i fingering d eyed j have backed e was footing k shoulder f headed

    10 Nouns from phrasal verbs

a breakdown g outlook b comeback h outbreak c hangover i breakthrough d check-up j feedback e outcome k takeaway f by-pass 1 downfall 11 Ways of pronouncing -ea

    Exercises 1 and 2 lei bread: breath breadth deaf
    thread death breast leapt
    lead (n) health heaven jealous
    meant weapon 1'r. l meat: scream breathe cease
    cheat heal beast leap lead (v)
    reason lisl fear: dear tear (n) spear
    clear beard gear theatre
    weary /es/ wear: tear(v) bear pear
    /ei/ break: steak great ls: l learn: yearn earth pearl
    hearse search
    Unit 12
    1 Adding information before
    and after a noun Exercise 1
    a There's a woman wearing a hat
    pushing a pram. b I can see a boy being chased by a
    dog. c A man is sitting on a bench reading

a newspaper and eating a sandwich. d There's a gardener with a cap on his head cutting the grass. e A family is sitting under a tree

    having a picnic. f I can see an ice-cream van with a
    long queue. g There are some children in rowing
    boats on the lake. h Some men are sitting fishing by the
    side of the lake.

i There's a boy on a hill flying a kite. j I can see a boy on a bike riding past

    the lake.
    Exercise 2

a lawn mower f ice-cream van b litterbin g rowing boat c tennis racquet h fishing rod d goalposts i mountain bike e wheelbarrow j rollerblades Exercise 3

    a I'm going on a two-week adventure
    holiday driving through the Sahara
    Desert. b The judge gave her a five-year
    prison sentence for kidnapping a
    millionaire's son. c She's going to do a three-year
    course in modern languages at
    Oxford University. d Mercedes have brought out a new
    two-door sports car with a top
    speed of 150 miles per hour.
    2 Articles Exercise 1

a a b the c the d a e (nothing), a, the f the g a, (nothing) h the, (nothing) i a. The, (nothing), the

    Exercise 2
    a An b the c a da
    e (nothing) f an g a h the
    i the j a/the k The la m the
    n the o (nothing) p the q the
    r (nothing) s his t The
    u (nothing) v an w (nothing)
    x (nothing) y the z A
    3 Determiners
    a All none i Each
    b either both j either both
    c both neither k Neither
    d every 1 Either
    e each m both either
    f each n No
    g no every o Each
    h every
    4 Demonstratives

a These f that k that b This g this 1 this c That h these m That d those i this n those e that j this o that

    5 Emphatic structures
    b The thing I don't understand is

where he gets his money from. c What I like about her is her sense of humour. d It's the dark winter evenings I don't

    like. e What those children need is firm
    guidance. f The thing I don't like about Jenny is
    the way she always has to know

g It isn't money I want, it's love. h What I can't stand about John is the fact that he never buys you a drink. i The thing you have to remember about Kathy is that she's sincere. j It's the fact that I'm rich and he isn't that makes him jealous.

    6 Emphasis in speaking
    a I did do it.
    b I did it. Sorry
    c I knew John was coming.
    d I knew that ages ago.
    e I didn't tell her.
    f I didn't tell her.
    g I told you.
    h I like Annie.
    i I do like Annie. I think she's great.
    j I like her.
    7 Word order
    a I was born in the middle of winter
    in 1981. b She bought a new car with the
    money her father had left her in his
    will. c He walked with a limp, because he

had hurt his leg playing football. d I usually go shopping at Tesco's because the prices are lower. e I go shopping early on Saturday morning, before everyone else

    arrives. f I'm going to London today to buy
    a new coat for Jack. g You should put your money in the
    bank immediately. h Last year we went to France on
    holiday, but unfortunately the
    weather was awful. i She tidied up her flat quickly/She
    quickly tidied up her flat, because

her parents were coming to stay. j I'll never understand why she loves him so passionately.

    8 The passive voice

a Many of van Gogh's most famous paintings were completed in Aries in 1888, includingSunflowers. Just two years later he shot himself at the age of 37. During his lifetime, he only sold one of his pictures. Today his art work is among the highest priced in the world. In 1989Irises was bought for $53. 9 million. b I've been invited to Buckingham Palace to collect an award for a book I wrote a few years ago.

c Penicillin was discovered in 1929. Since then, it has saved many lives. d Scientists working in America have discovered a drug that prevents the common cold. The drug will now be produced commercially, and it should be available soon.

    9 Combining nouns
    a the back of the chair
    b the cat's milk
    c toilet paper
    d my parents' advice
    e a bottle of wine
    f road sign
    g wine bottles
    h The Prime Minister's duties/The

duties of the Prime Minister i The heel of my shoe j your hair brush k the end of the film 1 today's news m Underground station n my parents' wedding anniversary o The company's success/The success

    of the company
    p a fortnight's holiday q The government's economic
    policy/The economic policy of the

government r the local state school s The annual rate of inflation t coffee cups u cup of coffee

    10 Hot verbs set and break
    Exercise 1

set off on a journey a bone in plaster fire to sth your alarm clock a good example a new world record your heart on doing . sth

breaka bone skiing the sound barrier the law the old world record a promise someone's heart the speed limit

    Exercise 2
    a Teachers should set a good example
    to ....

b You're breaking the speed limit. c I'll set the alarm clock for . ,. d It broke his heart.... e I set fire to the kitchen. f .... is breaking the law. g .... do we need to set off? h He's broken the old world record .... i She's set a new world record. j I broke my arm .... the doctor set

    my arm in plaster .... k You should never break a promise.

I .... it breaks the sound barrier .... m We've set our hearts on moving .... II Noun + prepositions

a out of b in c on, by d for e in f between g for h to i about/on j with k to 1 of m on n to o in

    12 Nouns and verbs
    Exercise 1
    Noun Verb

advice /sdvais/ to advise /sdvaiz/ use /ju: s/ to use /ju: z/ abuse /sbju: s/ to abuse /sbju: z/ belief /bili: f/ to believe /brii: v/ relief /nli: f/ to relieve /nli: v/ grief /gri: f/ to grieve /gri: v/ excuse /ikskju: s/ to excuse /ikskju: z/ breath /bre6/ to breathe /bri: S/ half /ha: f/ to halve /ha: v/ house /haus/ to house /hauz/ safe /serf/ to save /seiv/ bath /ba: 9/ to bathe /bei8/ Exercise 2

    a belief g half half
    b breath h use
    c safe i being housed
    d abuse j excuse
    e bathing k grieve
    f relief 1 advice

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